Pharaoh Amenhotep III (alt. Amenophis III) of Egypt.
Circa 1414-1378 B.C.

The clossi of Memnon are all that remains of his temple near Thebes.. View our timeline for more details on where he fits into history.


Quartzite head of Pharaoh Amenhotep III on display at the British Museum, from Thebes circa 1400 B.C.

The twin statues, at Thebes, depict Amenhotep III in a seated position, his hands resting on his knees and his gaze turned eastward toward the river and the rising sun. Two shorter figures are carved into the front throne alongside his legs: these are his wife and mother. The original function of the Colossi was to stand guard at the entrance to Amenhotep's mortuary temple.

Closer view showing the smaller carving at the front.